Rhus coriaria, commonly called Sicilian sumac, tanner's sumach, or elm-leaved sumach, is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the cashew family Anacardiaceae. The leaves and shoots contain black, the root and fruits give red while the bark contain yellow color. The flowers are bisexual, whitish-green, clustered into clustered inflorescences up to 25 cm long. Its deep green foliage transforms into a vibrant red-orange during the fall, securing its position as a favored ornamental landscaping choice. ... grilled meat, poultry and fish. Drupe shortly hispid, brownish-purple. species from the Anacardiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands. Sumac, especially to give a taste of sour or lemonade to the meat dishes of base is used extra. rhus coriaria. Similar Images . The leaves are notched and grow in slightly taggered pairs until the end, where one leaf will be perpendicular to the rest. The buds are densely covered with light brown hairs. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The root of the Sumac is the rhus plant. Rhus coriaria L. (Anacardiaceae) is a 1-3 m high shrub or small tree. They ripen in the fall and stay in the tree for a long time through the spring. It is found growing The bark is thin, gray-brown, initially densely glandular hairy at young shoots. Sumac can be a small tree or a shrub in shape, and likes to grow on dry slopes. Only applies for rare plants. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is known as Somagh in PM. coriaria and is motivated by the sour taste of the berries. D. Cardon relates a process from 1881 that included a sumac extraction, bloodroot and roasted ochres, to achieve a deep black on wool. Sumac is a small tannin-rich tree which was used by many of North America’s indigenous peoples to obtain a variety of browns and blacks. It is native to southern Europe and western Asia. The dried fruits are used as a spice , particularly in combination with other spices in the mixture called Za'atar . It has large pinnate leaves with 13 to 27 toothed leaflets. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. The root system is superficial and densely branched. Siciliam sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) is a deciduous shrub or low tree from the family Anacardiaceae. It can grow anywhere from four to 35 feet in size. You may have eaten Mediterranean food with a sour, maroon-colored power sprinkled over the top. The leaves are imparipinnate with 9-15 leaflets. Sumac has a slightly sour, refreshing aroma and tastes slightly resinous. It grows in shrubs, in sunny to semi-shady areas, in moderately acidic soils, up to 1300 m above sea level. It is also sometimes known as velvet sumac. Inflorescence c. 10 cm, the branches more or less concealed by the flowers. In North America, the smooth sumac and the staghorn sumac are sometimes used to make a beverage termed "sumac-ade", "Indian lemonade", or "rhus juice". It is widespread in southern Europe, southwest and central Asia. Use: Sumac's fruits are used dried, ground or whole. That is za’atar (zatar), an ancient seasoning blend made with the dried, ground berries of Sicilian or elm-leaved sumac (Rhus coriaria), plus certain varieties of thyme, oregano, savory, toasted sesame seeds, and/or other ingredients. It is commonly used traditionally for gout, obesity, bleeding disorders, and diabetes. It grows 1-3 meters high. Physical Characteristics Rhus verniciflua is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 10 m (32ft). Almost evergreen shrub or small tree up to 3 m. Young twigs and petioles densely hispid. #124945040 - Sicilian sumac (Rhus coriaria), small tree also known as tanners.. Abstract: Rhus coriaria L. is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the Anacardiaceous or Cashew family, native to southern Europe. Your email address will not be published. Three of seven primer pair combinations, produced 42 polymorphic bands. Andorra but excl. It is a bicameral plant, distinguishing between male and female plants. Rhus coriaria is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in). A similar idea stands behind Dutch zuurkruid sour condiment. the genetic relationship among thirty samples of sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) trees collected from the Northern regions in Jordan. The bark is thin, gray-brown, initially densely glandular hairy at young shoots. The German name Essigbaum vinegar tree (mostly used for Rh. It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen from September to November. Required fields are marked *. Info from published material (books, journals, website): Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands? The spice we see in brick and mortar specialty stores and online is usually imported and derived from a Mediterranean sumac species, Rhus coriaria. typhina, stag­horn sumac, an ornamental common in Europe) originally referred to Rh. It blooms in June and July. Given the plants used frequently in food, sumac is used more rarely than others. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. It is particularly noted for the reddish-brown hairs that cover the young branchlets in somewhat the same way that velvet covers the horns of a stag (male deer), hence … Origin: Sumac is native to the Mediterranean region, where the tree grows wild today. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The fruit of the sumac plant obtained from the Rhus plant is dried and ground. A member of the Anacardiaceae family, Rhus coriaria L is also known by its commRhus coriaria is a deciduous shrub found in areas such as S. Europe. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Russia and former USSR, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), AE(G) Ag Al Ar Bu Ca(C G H P T) Cg Cr Ct Cy Ga(F M) Gg Gr Hs(S) Ir It LS Lu Md(M) Mk Rf(CS) Si(M S) Sn Tu(A E) Uk(K) [aAz(C G J L M P T) nBr aGe nIt Mk Sa nSi(S)], Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / www.MaltaWildPlants.com - (2002-2018). It tolerates poor soil, with large shoots of roots. This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors. Rhus coriaria has also been found to suppress breast cancer growth in the lab through several actions (inhibition of STAT3, NFKB and nitric oxide pathways). The powerful antioxidant contents of sumac is as a result of the presence of flavonoids and polyphenols like anthocyanins in the plant. It is in flower from July to August. Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 1-5 cm, 7-21, ovate to oblong, coarsely crenate-serrate, sometimes with 1-2 small lobes at base; rhachis hispid, winged, at least between the distal leaflets. Antioxidizing Properties Sicilian sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) and staghorn sumac (Rhus hirta L.) contain anti-oxidizing and free radical scavenging properties that are highly beneficial to human health. The leaves are complex, oddly feathered, 12-20 cm long, make them 11-15 leaves which are 2-4 cm long, with serrated margins, hairy in reverse. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. It’s also a common ingredient in traditional Middle Eastern cuisine and is used in everything from meat dishes to salads. It grows 1-3 meters high. Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. The leaves are used to flavor tobacco. The inflorescence is a compact and erect panicle, the flowers small and greenish white. Synonyms Rhus hirta Family Anacardiaceae Genus Rhus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or trees with simple, pinnate or palmately-divided leaves often colouring brilliantly in autumn, and inconspicuous yellow flowers in spring or summer, followed by small, spherical red fruits in dense clusters ( 3 ) ( 4 ) At least one study suggests that sumac tree resin inhibits angiogenesis – which is the growth of new blood vessels in tumors – better than other parts of the plant. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhus_coriaria, Your email address will not be published. Rhus typhina, commonly called staghorn sumac, is the largest of the North American sumacs. Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile, Section of this page where you found an error, What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction, Please answer these simple questions:   The crushed fruits can be immersed in water for 10-15 minutes, the liquid is strained, sweetened and drunk like lemonade. Albania, the Azores, Bulgaria, Crete, France (incl. It is native to woodland edges, roadsides, railroad embankments and stream/swamp margins from Quebec to Ontario to Minnesota south to Georgia, Indiana and Iowa. It is also widespread in Iran and Lebanon, Turkey and Syria. The fruit is a villose, reddish, 1-seeded drupe. Add to Likebox #104189686 - A young seedlings of an acetic tree on a lawn near a prickly.. Sumac grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in … Add to Likebox #111026962 - staghorn sumac trees with bright red leaves in autumn. The dried fruits are used as a spice, particularly in combination with other spices in the mixture called za'atar. Propagation is done by seed and vegetative cuttings and root shoots. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Similar Images . Kindly consider to support this website by, Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species. In Arab cuisine, it is used as a garnish on meze dishes such as hummus and tashi, it is also commonly added to falafel. Rhus coriaria L., commonly known as sumac, is a plant from Anacardiaceae family and native to southern Europe. Rhus coriaria . Native to the eastern portion of North America, the Flame Leaf Sumac (Rhus copallinum) makes a grand color contribution to the autumn landscape. Sumac Tree - Rhus Coriaria is a Low Maintenance and Beautiful Addition to your Landscaping Fragrant Sumac - Rhus Aromatica The Fragrant Sumac, also known as the Aromatic Sumac, Lemon Sumac, or Polecat Sumac, derives its name from the citrus-like olfactory notes that it's leaves and stems produce when broken or crushed. 80 + 6 =. And sumac is the common name for shrubs belonging to the Rhus genus; they bear fruit in clusters of orange to russet, and their leaves turn vividly scarlet in fall. 5.4 Rhus coriaria. Rhus coriaria commonly known as Sumac, also spelled sumach and sumaq, is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae. The fruits are harvested before they are fully ripe, dried and ground into powder, mixed with salt and other spices and used as a spice blend. Siciliam sumac ( Rhus coriaria L.) is a deciduous shrub or low tree from the family Anacardiaceae. Sumac definition is - any of a genus (Rhus) of trees, shrubs, and woody vines of the cashew family that have leaves turning to brilliant colors in the autumn, small usually dioecious flowers, and spikes or loose clusters of red or whitish berries. Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 1-5 cm, 7-21, ovate to oblong, coarsely crenate-serrate, sometimes with 1-2 small lobes at base; rhachis hispid, winged, at least between the distal leaflets. Rhus coriaria. The buds are densely covered with light brown hairs. The fruits are small, roundish, reddish kernels containing small, black seeds. 11. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhus_coriaria. Rhus coriaria is a deciduous shrub found in areas such as S. Europe. Rhus coriaria, commonly called Sicilian sumac, tanner's sumach, or elm-leaved sumach, is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the Anacardiaceae or Cashew family, native to southern Europe. In some countries (Spain, Italy, Iran, Afghanistan), Rhus coriaria is cultivated to produce tannins. The root system is superficial and densely branched. Rhus typhina is the largest of the North American sumacs, an open, spreading shrub (sometimes a small tree), earning the common name staghorn sumac because of the reddish-brown hairs covering the branches as velvet covers the antlers of deer. This is an open, spreading shrub (sometimes a small tree) that typically grows 15-25 tall. Sumac spice, however, is derived from the dried and ground berries of a specific type of sumac plant, Rhus coriaria. Almost evergreen shrub or small tree up to 3 m. Young twigs and petioles densely hispid. This bright and flavorful spice is often added to other spice blends, including za’atar. A member of the Anacardiaceae family, Rhus coriaria L is also known by its common name of Elm-Leaved Sumach. Rhus coriaria is not very cold-hardy, tolerating short-lived temperatures down to around -5°c when it is fully dormant, and is unlikely to succeed outdoors in any but the mildest parts of the temperate zone [. Sepals ovate, greenish; petals oblong, white, longer than the sepals. The dried fruits are used as a spice. Rhus coriaria is used in the spice mixture za'atar. The fruits (drupes) of Rhus coriaria are ground into a reddish-purple powder used as a spice in Middle Eastern cuisine to add a tart, lemony taste to salads or meat. The Rhus plant a member of the North American sumacs m. young twigs and petioles densely hispid containing,... 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