For exposition purposes, we do not address mortality throughout the paper, but fertility here can be interpreted as net fertility. IRAN’S DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION: A Model for Other Countries? Population growth is very slow, influenced in part by the availability of food. The demographic transition theory is superior to all the theories of population because it is based on the actual population growth trends of the developed countries of Europe. © Copyright Get Revising 2020 all rights reserved. It studies how birth rate and death rate affect the total population of a country. The demographic transition theory is a widespread explanation of the changing mold of humanity, fertility and increase rates as civilizations move from one demographic system to another. It also shows change over time and can also shows change over time and can be used as a head start point for discussion about how to help LEDCs to develop. the introduction of western medicine) have taken place much more quickly. However the Demographic Transition model also has its weaknesses some weakness would include the fact that the demographic transition model does not include the role of the government, some governments may put antenatal and prenatal operations in place to encourage the decrease or to increase the birth rate within these countries, therefore countries like China that are antenatal and have the one child policy put in place and countries like the UK which are prenatal and offer child benefits may show fluctuation of the birth rate in stages it should be decreasing or increasing in. Almost all the European countries have passed through the first three stages of this theory and are now in the fourth stage. Primitive Stage-underdeveloped countries (Africa). For example in less developed countries, there appears to be a much steeper fall in death rates than experienced in more developed countries. All these advantages are a part of demographic changes, often referred to as a “Demographic Transition”. • Demography is the statistical study of human populations. Furthermore the timescale of the model assumes that a country will have equal time in each stage however the timescale is now generally being squashed as newly industrialised countries continue to industrialize especially in several South-East Asian countries such as Hong Kong and Malaysia, is being squashed as they develop at a much faster rate than earlier industrialised countries. Harsh criticisms, at times unwarranted 3. ." History of the theory. This may not prove to be the case. An indication of the acceptance of transition theory in the 1950's may be seen in the fact that Vance (1952:12), in his famous call for more theory in demography, saw transition theory emerging as an "integrated theory of a high order .. THE theory of the modem demographic transition was presented in its inchoate form by Thompson (1929). It does not include the impacts of migration. Why is the transition period associated with a ‘population explosion’? Demographic Transition is a gradual process in which a society moves from high birth rate and death rate to low birth rate and death rate It deals with population change occurring from the past to the change that may occur in future Any demographic dividend depends on whether the government … ISBN-10 1-4020-4373-2 (HB) ISBN-13 978-1-4020-4373-4 (HB) ISBN-10 1-4020-4498-4 (e-book) ISBN-13 978-1 … It is also superior to the optimum theory which lays an exclusive emphasis on the increase in per capita income for the growth of population and neglects the other factors which influence it. Explain the basic argument of the theory of the demographic transition. On the other hand, the DTM is less useful for modelling socioeconomic changes in the less developed world, as it is very Eurocentric, assuming all countries will follow this path. demographic transition); 3) theoretical models (for example, Newton’s ‘law’ of falling bodies, or the theory of evolution). Catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress. The negative interaction effect does not depend on institutional quality. What is demography? The word ‘Demography’ came from the prefix ‘demo’ meaning people and ‘graphy’ meaning description or measurement. Students then compare and contrast the DTM with Berelson's model for LEDCs. 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