For example, the Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement (formerly the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation), funded by the Canadian federal government, brings together researchers and policymakers early and throughout the research development process to discuss, prioritize, and evaluate opportunities for research and dissemination [79]. Studies remaining after abstract screening moved to full text review. Studies that focused on a specific level of government had some unique characteristics such as formality and reliance on print materials. 2009;87:863–902. A number of cross-cutting strategies appear to enhance the translation of research evidence into policy. State level dissemination heavily relied on printed materials including from mental health care disparity report cards [41], policy briefs [38], and effectiveness reports [50]. Many of the barriers and facilitators to research dissemination that we identified in this review mirror those cited by policymakers as barriers and facilitators to evidence use; this overlap reasonably suggests that efforts to expand research dissemination may improve the other. volume 15, Article number: 89 (2020) As with all research endeavors, timeliness and relevance are paramount. Building Capacity for Evidence-Based Public Health: Reconciling the Pulls of Practice and the Push of Research. 1971;35:3–12. Rogers EM. Reading: Addison-Wesley Pub. PubMed Central  PubMed  The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data. Annu Rev Public Health. Sorian R, Baugh T. Power of information: closing the gap between research and policy. Acad Pediatr. Evid Policy J Res Debate Pract Policy Press. Additionally, the agencies that fund CER/PCOR (i.e. This shift creates an opportunity to optimize the content of print materials to disseminate in new mediums; it also offers a chance for authors to improve the accessibility of their work for broader audiences (e.g., via more visual presentation formats) [15, 69,70,71]. Dissemination of research findings is an important part of the research process, passing on the benefits to other researchers, professional practitioners and the wider community. Campbell DM, Redman S, Rychentnik L, Cooke M, Zwi AB, Jorm L. Increasing the use of evidence in health policy: practice and views of policy makers and researchers. Studies were excluded if they were not in English or occurred outside of the United States. Bristol: Policy Press; 2019. p. 351–68. Common sources of research dissemination included government, academic researchers, the peer reviewed literature, and independent organizations. Partnership and the politics of care: advocates’ role in passing and implementing California’s law to extend foster care: Chapin Hall Center for Children; 2012. 2018;14:459–76. Wolton S. Lobbying, Inside and Out: How special interest groups influence policy choices. 303 full-text articles were reviewed with 27 meeting inclusion criteria. All titles and abstracts were screened by the principal investigator (LEA) with 20% reviewed at random by a co-investigator (DAQ) with total agreement post-training. Studies were eligible for this review if they met the following inclusion criteria: (1) occurred in the United States; (2) reported in English; (3) systematically evaluated the impact of research on social policy (this typically excluded studies focusing on policymaker dissemination preferences); (4) discussed domestic social policy (as defined above); and (5) were published in the peer reviewed literature or the grey literature (e.g., think tank research briefs, foundation research publications). A mathematical theory of communication. Scullion [23] 2002 Examine examples of effective dissemination strategies, provide insights and suggest pointers for researchers, research students and others who may be involved in dissemination. Eur J Commun. https://www.britannica.com/topic/political-party, https://www.politico.eu/article/why-lobbying-in-america-is-different/, https://oxfordre.com/socialwork/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780199975839.001.0001/acrefore-9780199975839-e-610, https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tpp/ep/pre-prints/content-ppevidpold1700095, https://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/cms/Default.aspx?tabid=3421, https://www.cato.org/blog/complexity-state-government, https://www.urban.org/policy-centers/cross-center-initiatives/state-and-local-finance-initiative/state-and-local-backgrounders/state-and-local-expenditures, https://www.nihr.ac.uk/explore-nihr/funding-programmes/policy-research.htm, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-020-01046-3. Getting the word out: disseminating scholarly work in the technology age. One such similarity is obvious: the dissemination strategy of using champions and brokers mirrors the ERIC implementation strategy of identifying and preparing champions. Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. 2018; appi.ps.201800153. Van der Arend J. Bridging the research/policy gap: policy officials’ perspectives on the barriers and facilitators to effective links between academic and policy worlds. 1). 2016;11. 2017;25:9–14. Articles were independently reviewed and thematically analyzed by two investigators and organized using the Model for Dissemination of Research. Communication and Dissemination Strategy ––––––––– –––– D8.1 February/2017 This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689954. 2001;13. The search resulted in 5225 titles and abstracts for inclusion consideration. Particularly relevant lessons from the evidence use literature that also emerged from our review include emphasis on the benefit of building personal relationships between researchers and policymakers [5, 75, 76], narrowing the perceived gap between the two groups [77, 78], and changing the culture of decision making to increase appreciation for the value of research in policy development [5, 75,76,77]. Twenty-seven articles met inclusion criteria (see the Fig. J Comp Eff Res. Library of Congress. Data-driven child welfare policy and practice in the next century. The most frequently disseminated research topics were health-related, and legislators and executive branch administrators were the most common target audience. Interest in this area of investigation has grown with the increased availability of funding for policy-specific research (e.g., dissemination and implementation research) [3]. McGuire W. The nature of attitudes and attitude change. The Model for Dissemination of Research provides a framework through which to synthesize lessons learned from research to date on the process of translating research to US policymakers. To date, lessons learned from dissemination and implementation science about the ways in which research influences policy are scattered across diverse disciplines and bodies of literature. There was variation in dissemination channels by level of government (e.g., a more formal legislative process at the federal level compared with other levesl). Cambridge; 1950. Available from: https://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/cms/Default.aspx?tabid=3421. The remaining studies covered the topics of education (n = 4) [39, 43, 53, 54], guns [56], veterans [44], and general social research (n = 3) [31, 32, 48]. PubMed Google Scholar. Jamieson M, Bodonyi JM. Research Advisory Service. : ID 2190685. However, shifting political agendas in the 1980s saw the demand for evidence increase to provide support for social programs [24]; we hoped to capture this increase in evidence use in policy. J Natl Cancer Inst. For General Audiences (passive) G rant proposals often require a detailed knowledge translation and dissemination plan, prompting investigators to consider how they are going to share study findings ahead of time. Important initiatives are acknowledged before the concept of dissemination is explored. 2. J Health Polit Policy Law. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not reflect those of the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the National Institutes of Health. Four studies used the Weiss Typology [29, 36, 54, 55], two studies used the operationalization framework [45, 53], and two studies used the advocacy coalition framework [53, 56]. 2020. Epub 2015 Sep 30. 2011;103:306–16. Evidence-based policymaking: Insights from policy-minded researchers and research-minded policymakers: Routledge; 2011. Four studies highlighted the importance for early and ongoing engagement with policymakers throughout the research process in order to maximize interest and applicability. 2014;14:2. 2005;33:83–105. In an effort to increase ease and efficiency, this document provides key strategies for dissemination, including practical advice and specific templates you can adapt for your use. Hopkins M, Wiley KE, Penuel WR, Farrell CC. Higgins J, Green S. Cochrane Handbook for systematic reviews of interventions. This system creates major variation across the country in both policy decisions and in resource availability for social policy implementation. 2011 [cited 2018 Sep 20]. QuICN community nursing study – Funded by NIHR HS&DR. Common themes include the importance of personal relationships, the timeliness of evidence, and resource availability [4, 5]. J Crim Just. The influence of the mass media on health policy. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. Stakeholder Analysis The dissemination strategy should be based on an understanding of (2015). Research has the potential to influence US social policy; however, existing research in this area lacks a coherent message. Nelson JW, Scammell MK, Altman RG, Webster TF, Ozonoff DM. Ann Epidemiol. Strategies for effective dissemination of research to United States policymakers: a systematic review Laura Ellen Ashcraft1*, Deirdre A. Quinn2 and Ross C. Brownson3,4 Abstract Background: Research has the potential to influence US social policy; however, existing research in this area lacks a … Springer Nature. Disease Research, Bangladesh (Icddr,b) and the TRAction project in Dhaka and the Dodowa Health Research Center of the Ghana Health Services as well as Ayishatu Gibrin and Najoua Kachouri for their contributions in organising the pilot workshops. Implementation of research findings into practice or policy is necessary for improving outcomes in the targeted community. This finding was mirrored in two studies that found testimonial or descriptive evidence to be as effective as data-driven research [34, 52], particularly in the context of sympathetic populations [52]. Research activities supported by public funding are rarely considered complete until the results have been made widely available. What Works Evid-Inf Policy Pract. We also excluded non-research sources, such as editorials, opinion pieces, and narrative stories that contain descriptions of dissemination strategies without systematic evaluation. Five studies (about 18.5%) examined dissemination at the federal level [32,33,34,35,36]. Of those articles, 4922 were excluded due to not meeting inclusion criteria. 2010;20:409. McVay AB, Stamatakis KA, Jacobs JA, Tabak RG, Brownson RC. BMC Health Serv Res. Allen ST, Ruiz MS, O’Rourke A. 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