*Response times vary by subject and question complexity. For example, if the government is in recession, and its taking actions to expand the economy, the government is aiming for an expansionary policy. Conversely, the decision to reduce government spending is contractionary. What is the difference between monetary policy and fiscal policy, and how are they related? Measures taken to rein in an "overheated" economy (usually when inflation is too high) are called contractionary measures. An expansionary monetary policy has minimal effects on the growth by increasing the prices of an asset and reducing the cost of borrowing, thus making more profits for companies. Fiscal policy refers to the tax and spending policies of the federal government. Learning the difference between fiscal policy and monetary policy is essential to understanding who does what when it comes to the federal government and the Federal Reserve. The most significant difference between the two is that monetary policy is introduced as a corrective measure by the central bank to control inflation or recession and strengthen the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Differences in Policy Lags . The short answer is that Congress and the administration conduct fiscal policy, while the Fed conducts monetary policy. This is referred to as an expansionary fiscal policy. Between monetary and fiscal policy, the former is generally viewed as having the largest impact on the economy, while fiscal policy is seen as being the less efficient way to influence growth trends. Differences Between Fiscal and Monetary Policy. -If the economy is below full employment, expansionary fiscal policy will cause an increase in the price level in both models.-In the dynamic model, expansionary policy would be used when demand does not grow sufficiently; in the basic model, expansionary policy would be used when demand falls. Monetary policy refers to the actions of central banks to achieve macroeconomic policy objectives such as price stability, full employment, and stable economic growth. Both fiscal and monetary policy can be either expansionary or contractionary.Policy measures taken to increase GDP and economic growth are called expansionary. Both monetary policy and fiscal policy go hand in hand when it comes to the economic stability and growth of a nation. Fiscal policy is managed by government of any country by cutting or expanding collection of revenue through direct and indirect taxes influencing spending of the people, while monetary policies are managed by Central bank of any country which involves changes in interest rates and influencing money supply in the nation. Differentiate between the following terms. Even though the fiscal deficit provides some indication about the direction of fiscal policy, it may not indicate the true intention of the government with respect to its fiscal policy. Fiscal Policy Step-by-step solution: Chapter: CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4 CH5 CH6 CH7 CH8 CH9 CH10 CH11 CH12 CH13 CH14 CH15 CH16 CH17 CH18 Problem: 1TEQ 2TEQ 3TEQ 4TEQ 5TEQ 6TEQ 7TEQ 8TEQ 9TEQ 10TEQ 11TEQ 12TEQ 13TEQ Expansionary fiscal policy and expansionary monetary policy. Monetary and fiscal policy are also differentiated in that they are subject to different sorts of logistical lags. The distinguishing difference between expansionary monetary and expansionary fiscal policy is the direction of movement in the _____. The monetary policy aims to improve economic activity and the fiscal policy aims to address the total spending or the composition of the spending. Fiscal Policy vs. Monetary Policy The policy through which the money supply is increased after making the reduction in the interest rates is known as the Expansionary Monetary Policy. 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