Seattle University taRSeblu Vi Hilbert Ethnobotanical Garden Master Plant List Version 7.0 (Revised 9/9/2019) This Lushootseed language plant list was originally commissioned in 2005 for the creation of Seattle University’s Bigleaf Maple tree leaves create sugars through photosynthesis. Flower: large racemes/clusters of pale yellow-green flowers hanging down. In spring ki Pojar J, MacKinnon A. Unfortunately, many reports of decline have been noted during the past decade (see below). G Gaultheria hispidula (creeping snowberry) Infusion of leaves used as a tonic for overeating by the Algonquin people. In her wonderful book Pacific Feast, she has a recipe for maple blossom crème brulee and maple blossom fritters. Big-leaf maples have been used by Native American tribes to make medicine for sore throats. It grows abundantly on the west side of the cascades between sea level and about 1500ft, sometimes reaching as high as 4000 feet in California and Oregon. Title Distribution and abundance of epiphytic Bryophytes in Pacific Spirit Park Creator Beckett, Kephra Mikkelsen, Else Date Issued 2015-04 Description The diversity and abundance of bryophytes on the north, west, east and south sides of four different species of trees (Douglas-fir, Bigleaf Maple, Western Hemlock and Western Redcedar) are investigated. Native American ethnobotany. Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM), Center on Reinventing Public Education (CRPE), https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/acemac/all.html, http://owic.oregonstate.edu/bigleaf-maple-acer-macrophyllum, http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Acer%20macrophyllum, Distribution:  Western North America, North California to Alaska, Habitat:  Moist woods, sea level to mid-elevations. Bigleaf Maple A vigorous growing native maple tree that grows rapidly to 75-100 ft. high and 50 ft. wide. Our native, Bigleaf maple, common in the Northwest, is a large, handsome, deciduous tree. Northwest trees. Often found growing in disturbed areas like land cleared by fire or logging, Acer macrophyllum will sprout quickly from its stump and can grow over three meters in a year. "It certainly doesn't feel natural," he says. A recent study out of University of Washington indicated that 22% of the maples sampled from 59 randomly selected sites in western Washington had symptoms of decline. The branches on the ground provide woody debris for other plants to germinate on, and shelter for small animals like insects and salamanders. Western redcedar grows widely throughout our region because of its tolerance to shade, flooding and nutrient poor soils. The sap is sometimes used for making maple syrup, although Acer macrophyllum produces much less sap compared to Acer saccharum the sugar maple. Ethnobotany Big-leaf maples have been used by Native American tribes to make medicine for sore throats. Learn how Bigleaf can help you ensure resilient and reliable application performance, no matter where you are on your Cloud journey. Please see article for more information. . The leaves can be enormous, a foot across, described by its common and scientific name, turning a brilliant gold in fall. ferns In the rain forests of the Olympic Peninsula, the moss grows so thick it becomes compost, where the trees sprout roots even up in their canopies. This stand in Washington's Wind River Experimental Forest, with its understory of vine maple (Acer circinatum), is an excellent example of the old Douglas-fir forests of the Cascade Mountains. This article was written by Jessica Rouske and Sarah Verlinde. Unfortunately, a definitive cause has not been identified, although pests and pathogens have been widely considered (see PNW Handbook webpage). Acer macrophyllum, the bigleaf maple[3] or Oregon maple,[4] is a large deciduous tree in the genus Acer. Bigleaf Maple USDA ACMA3 Clallam Food, Unspecified Sap eaten fresh. Habitats That Form Our World Slideshow This slideshow contains 6 slides that will change every 8 seconds. )—Bigleaf maple (Bigleaf maple dieback), Why is my tree dying? The Bigleaf maple is an important early blooming tree. Still, more research is needed to confirm whether recent changes in these variables are the primary drivers of the decline. It is native to moist to dry … Acer macrophyllum provides plenty of tall space for epiphytes (commonly called air plants that don’t need soil) like mosses, liverworts, and ferns - especially the licorice fern (Polypodium glycyrrhiza). Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. The leaves can be enormous, a foot across, as described by its common and scientific name, turning a brilliant gold in fall. As the largest growing hardwood species in the region, slabs of bigleaf maple are highly prized because of its size, immaculate grain patterns, and common fungal compartmentalization and discoloration known as spalting. Commercially, bigleaf maple is coveted by craftsman and woodworkers for fine furniture and custom products such as guitars and pianos. Older trees tend to have thick furrowed bark that is hard to get through. However, recent observations of dieback and mortality have raised concern about its ability to cope with changes Fruits:  green to brown bristly samaras with wings spread closely – “helicopters”, Leaves: Very large (4-12” across) deeply lobed leaves, Notable feature: large leaves and great yellow fall color. In spring Bigleaf maple is another iconic species of the Pacific Northwest. It is called the ‘paddle tree’ in many Native American languages bacause the wood was often used for paddles as well as spindle whorls and other tools. Ecologically, the abundant leaf litter dropped from bigleaf maples each fall enriches the soil and the trees provide substrates for substantial growth of mosses, lichens, and even ferns. The leaves are simple, opposite, and very large between fifteen to thirty centimeters wide and almost as long (Farrar 1995). Big leaf maple often grows near Western red cedar. Leaves may appear chlorotic (yellow-ish) and with tips and edges that resemble leaf scorch. Home | Contact Us | Jobs | Citizen Science | Our Community | Support Our Program, E-Flora BC: Electronic atlas of the flora of British Columbia, Bigleaf maple decline in western Washington, Assessing the role of Verticillium wilt in Bigleaf Maple (, Maple (Acer spp. This creates many nooks and crannies in the tree, providing ideal housing for birds and small mammals. As the name suggests, bigleaf maple is easily distinguished from other maples because of its large leaves. However, the decline is known to be associated with several environmental variables such as vapor pressure deficits and higher temperatures, which is expected for most tree species. Bigleaf maple is an important species to the Pacific Northwest because of its commercial, ecological, cultural value. Moerman DE. Bigleaf Maple USDA ACMA3 Costanoan Food, Unspecified Seeds used for food. Pojar, J and MacKinnon, A. The flowers are yellow, fragrant, and produced in noddling racemes appearing with the leaves in April or May. For questions regarding the UWB/CC Plant Tour, contact Sarah at severlin@uw.edu. See original regarding copyrights Doctor Terry Maresca, Mohawk, has been tapping the trees for many years and she noticed that the sap becomes darker and more resinous if the trees are growing within 30 feet of a cedar. Earle, 1987.10.24]. In the Siskiyou Mountains, bigleaf maple frequency was greatest at 1,500 to 2,500 feet (460-760 m) elevation. Where many maple species occur in other regions of the US, Bigleaf maple is the only native maple to the Northwest’s coastal regions. Bigleaf Maple Syrup An untapped potential, Bigleaf Maple trees produce sap that can be reduced to a sweet syrup just like eastern Sugar Maples'. Plants of coastal British Columbia. Arno SF, Hammerly RP. Decline of bigleaf maple has been observed throughout the region during the past decade. All information from Nancy J Turners Sannich Ethnobotany Wild Strawberry James St. John – Wild Strawberry CC BY 2.0 Perennial herbs, Wild Strawberry Fragaria chiloensis grow in loose patches, spreading by long thin runners.The coarse green leaves are 3 parted and have jagged edges. Decline of bigleaf maple has been observed throughout the region during the past decade. Left undisturbed, it would succeed to Tsuga heterophylla dominance, but high severity fire at intervals of a few hundred years is sufficient to keep it in Pseudotsuga dominance [C.J. The ideal bigleaf maple tree is not the biggest one you can find. WSU Puyallup Research & Extension Center, 2606 West Pioneer, Puyallup, WA, 98371-4998 USA In urban environments, it is an valuable source of shade, sometimes growing as wide as it is tall in open areas such as parks. The tree blooms in March and is essential food for many wild bees, honey bees and other pollinators that are now threatened because of habitat and plant loss. Bigleaf Maple Syrup Tapping John Muir traveled through the Salish Sea region in 1888 and described ‘magnificent groves’ of maples, ‘attaining heights of seventy-five … Investigating the Bigleaf Maple Decline DNR Forest Pathologist Dam Omdal began studying bigleaf maple health in 2011 after reports came in from land managers and concerned members of the public documenting crown dieback, thinning, reduced leaf size, and discoloration. It is called the ‘paddle tree’ in many Native American languages bacause the wood was often used for paddles as well as spindle whorls and other tools. Observations of declining maples have been made throughout western Washington and Oregon since 2010. The distribution of bigleaf maple generally reflects its adaptation to mild climates and sensitivity to cold temperatures. How drier summers affect native trees, Big-leaf maples are dying—and the cause is a mystery, Some of Washington’s biggest trees are dying and scientists don’t know why, Bigleaf maple decline, results of UW study, Bigleaf maple decline, update and next steps. Bigleaf maple is known as the ‘paddle tree’ in many First Nation languages because of its superior quality as a strong and light wood for paddles and spindle whorls (Pojar and MacKinnon 1994). Elevation and topography: Bigleaf maple is found from sea level to about 3,000 feet (900 m) in Washington and Oregon [ 13 ]. Lone Pine Publishing; 1994. Big Leaf Maple can grow up to 157.80 feet (48.10 m) tall,[5][6] but more commonly reaches 15–20 m (50–65 ft) tall. It is called the ‘paddle tree’ in many Native American languages bacause the wood was often used for paddles as well as spindle whorls and other tools. Bigleaf's Cloud-first SD-WAN is the best way to ensure high availability and performance for all of your business' Cloud technologies. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast: Washington, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska. Ethnobotany Big-leaf maples have been used by Native American tribes to make medicine for sore throats. also has an ethnobotany section, which describes how Native Americans used the plant. Covered with moss, they often host Polypodium glycyrrhiza (Licorice fern), which grows on their trunks. This finding is of enormous concern given the importance of this species economically, ecologically and culturally. Please contact us if you have any suggestions/corrections for this webpage. Diagnostic Characters: Big-Leaf Maple is easily recognizable by its large 5-lobed leaves–often 12-inches (30cm) across, but sometimes much smaller– 6” (15cm). Younger, smoothed barked trees are your better choice, those ranging from 4 to 18 inches in diameter. 2004. February 26 th was the best day of the year so far and I collected 66 gallons of sap. Nomenclature: follows Hitchcock and Cronquist (excluding pages 49, 51, … Laramie, Wyoming was born in the spring of 1868, when Union Pacific Railroad crews arrived with their entourage of gamblers, hustlers, saloon keepers, and ladies of the night. He was speaking of our beautiful Bigleaf Maple, Acer macrophyllum, one of our native hardwoods. The wood is also important for crafting utensils and the inner bark was woven into baskets (Moerman 1998). Timber press; 1998. A recent study out of University of Washington indicated that 22% of the maples sampled from 59 randomly selected sites in western Washington had symptoms of decline. In the spring, greenish-yellow flower clusters emerge before or with the leaves. Bocek, Barbara R., 1984, Ethnobotany of Costanoan Indians, California, Based on Collections by John P. … Look for the large hand shaped leaves with deeply cut lobes reaching up to a foot long. Seeds and sprouts are also edible and comparable to alfalfa sprouts (Arno & Hammerly 2007). Younger, smoothed barked trees are your better choice, those ranging from 4 to 18 inches in The first button is to play and pause the slideshow, followed by buttons to go to the previous slide, next slide, or choose The seeds are the typical paired, winged samaras or … Bigleaf Maple is a tree found on the west coast of North America from Alaska, through British Columbia, and the west coast of the U.S.A. He was speaking of our beautiful Bigleaf Maple, Acer macrophyllum, one of our native hardwoods. This finding is of enormous concern given the importance of this species economically, ecologically and culturally. Branches sometimes have clumps of unnaturally small leaves and heavy seed crops. Mountaineers; 2007. Jan 18, 2016 Bigleaf Maple Syrup Jan 18, 2016 Jan 2, 2016 How to make your own plant based soaps Jan 2, 2016 December 2015 Bigleaf maple dieback in western Washington? Bigleaf maple is a native, long-lived medium to large sized deciduous tree that often grows to eighty feet tall. Eurybia macrophylla (bigleaf aster), used as both food and medicine. However, research has revealed an association between decline and environmental variables such as temperature and the proximity to urban interface. Fleisher, Mark S., 1980, The Ethnobotany of the Clallam Indians of Western Washington, Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 14(2):192-210, page It does not grow much above 1,150 feet (350 m) in British Columbia [ 83, 130, 151 ]. We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. The characteristic helicopter seeds also provide valuable nourishment for many invertebrates living in our forests. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. Big-leaf maples often grow with many trunks and will drop its lower branches as it matures. More information about the importance of bigleaf maple, the symptoms of decline and the available resources for understanding the trends are listed below. ... Saiba mais sobre a Assinatura do Scribd The precise cause of the decline remains unknown. Bigleaf Maple sap- running strong It snowed 8” in Bellingham on Feb 23 rd and for the last week, the Bigleaf Maple taps have been running copiously. Vancouver (BC): Lone Pine Publishing. The enormous leaves have also been used as temporary containers and to cover food in cooking pits. Ethnobotany: the scientific study of the traditional knowledge and customs of a people concerning plants and their medical, religious, and other uses. 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