The western snowy plover is a federally protected shorebird. 38 Western Snowy Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus) Nest Site Selection and Oyster Shell Enhancement David L. Riensche1, Sarah C. Gidre1, 2, Nicole A. Beadle1, 3, and Sarah K. Riensche1, 4 1East Bay Regional Park District, 2950 Peralta Oaks Court, Oakland, California 94605 2California Polytechnic State University, 1 Grand Avenue, San Luis Obispo, California 93407 This beach was once nesting habitat for the western snowy plover. Statewide, the nesting habitat for plovers was halved between 1970 and 2001. The western snowy plover is a species protected by both federal and state statute. The Pacific coast population of western snowy plovers has been in decline for several years, due to a loss of habitat and disturbances due to development, recreation, and other human pressures. Previously, I searched for snowy plover nests along the Oregon Dunes, as well as California Volunteers also kept watch on plover signage and fencing, and contributed to plover habitat protection during all major holidays occurring in the Western Snowy Plover breeding season. Snowy plovers nest on the ground and leave the nest soon after hatching. This snowy plover nest was established close to a main beach access trail. The coastal form's primary breeding concentration is in central and southern California. Nesting areas within the Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area include the following (signs are posted at all nesting beach access points): A variety of non-native and native predators (e.g., Gray Fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus, Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius, and Striped Skunk Mephitis mephitis) have been documented depredating Snowy Plover eggs, but corvids (Corvus corax and C. The Western Snowy Plover was listed as threatened under the Federal Endangered Species Act 1993.In Oregon, this species historically bred at a minimum of 21 locations on the coast but by 2003 Western Snowy Plover were only nesting at … To help ensure the survival of the species, California State Parks monitors Snowy Plover numbers and breeding efforts, and closes portions of beaches from spring through fall to protect nesting habitat. The Pacific Coast population of the Western Snowy Plover was listed as "threatened" under the Endangered Species Act in 1993 because of declining populations mainly due to loss of habitat. Oregon’s beaches are protected nesting grounds for a small shorebird called the western snowy plover. The Western Snowy Plover, Charadrius nivosus nivosus, is a shorebird that inhabits beaches and lake shores. Unlike most beach-nesting shorebirds, the western snowy plover has taken nesting to the level of an art form. Not only are nests easy to miss (or step on), but the bird will abandon its eggs if disturbed too frequently. For the last few decades the snowy plover population has declined, mostly due to habitat loss by human encroachment and environmental degradation. aBsTracT: From 1950 through 2016, the Western snowy Plover (Charadrius nivosus nivosus) did not nest on los angeles county beaches. They nest in dry open sand, in tiny, shallow scrapes that are very well camouflaged. During nesting season (March 15 – Sep. 15), some recreation activities may be restricted or prohibited in designated plover management areas: No dogs (even on a … Trash attracts scavenging corvids (crows and ravens), which directs unwelcome attention to plover eggs and baby chicks. However, because of increased human activity, encroaching beach grass, and urban development, nesting areas for the plover have steadily decreased.Their populations have gone so low that they are now listed as threatened as part of the Federal … During the breeding season, March through September, plovers can be seen nesting along the shores, peninsulas, offshore islands, bays, estuaries, and rivers of the United States' Pacific Coast from Oregon to … Snowy plovers raise their young on unraked beaches in Coronado, Silver Strand and Imperial Beach. It was listed in 1993 as a threatened species under the federal government’s Endangered Species Act (ESA). Studies of western snowy plovers also demonstrate that a variety of nesting substrates may be selected by birds throughout their breedingrange(e.g., fine-grainedsand, salt pans, gravel substrates) with different amounts of surround-ing vegetation and debris. We examined nesting success, ca... Western Snowy Plovers Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus select nesting substrates that enhance egg crypsis and improve nest survival - COLWELL - 2011 - Ibis - … Due to these impacts, snowy plovers have stop-ped breeding at 52 ofthe 80 former western US coastal nesting locations (Page and Stenzel, 1981). This small shore bird is uniquely adapted to live and nest on the beach. Western Snowy Plover Season (March 1 to Sept. 30) Seasonal restrictions will be in place for Surf, Wall and Minuteman beaches beginning Sunday, March 1, 2020 as part of the annual program to protect the Western Snowy Plover and its nesting habitat. The Western Snowy Plover is a threatened small shorebird, approximately the size of a sparrow. Since 1993, the Plover has been listed as a “threatened” species and is federally protected under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Biology and life history. Washington's snowy plover population is very small and vulnerable to a variety of impacts, such as predators, adverse weather, shoreline modification, dune stabilization, and recreational activities. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service listed Western snowy plovers as threatened in 1993, and the park estimates there are just 2,500 breeding birds along the Pacific Coast. Avoid any driving in (or through) known snowy plover nesting habitat. Western snowy plovers will survive as a species as long as they have protected nesting habitat. Over the years, as human use on the beach increased and eventually got out of hand with large overnight campouts, the snowy plover was driven from this nesting site entirely. I have been monitoring this threatened species during the nesting season as part of my job as a research associate with the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research. In 2006, Morro Coast Audubon Society created the Sharing our Shores Program to educate the local Morro Bay community about sharing the beach with Snowy Plovers. Western Snowy Plover. As of June 19, 2012, the habitat along the California, Oregon, and Washington Coasts have been listed as critical. In North America it is restricted to the Gulf and Pacific coasts of the United States, and scattered inland localities from Saskatchewan to California and Texas. Western Snowy Plovers use sandy and sparsely-vegetated shoreline above the high tide line for nesting. Plover Protection. The Western snowy plover population was once widespread along Pacific Coast, from Washington to Baja California. The Western Snowy Plover has had a hard time of it. Snowy plovers are small white and gray shorebirds. They prefer sandy beaches with intertidal areas for foraging (Coast Range, Nearshore ecoregions). • Pick up trash and food scraps, placing it in covered trash bins. 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