[53] Typically, extreme-range sightings of cougars involve young males, which can travel great distances to establish ranges away from established males. Its fur is a light, tawny brown color which can appear gray or almost black, depending on light conditions. 1996. [122][123], This uncertainty has been recognized by Canadian authorities. Cats within these areas socialize more frequently with each other than with outsiders. It prefers habitats with dense underbrush and rocky areas for stalking, but can also live in open areas. By the 1900s these predators had been killed in astonishing numbers, with a disastrous effect on the ecosystem in some areas. 4 years ago. Relevance. Few ever witness Mountain Lions except for a brief second in car headlights. 2 Answers. Weight: 70-170 lbs. [163] The campus also has a Nittany Lion Shrine featuring a large statue of a mountain lion on campus. You will see behind the scenes my preparation, hard work, setbacks, disappointments, and my ultimate conclusion. In contrast adult males in Canada and Chile weigh 65-85 kilograms (85 kilograms is 187 pounds). The Detroit Cougars were actually related to the Victoria Cougars of the Western Hockey League, which had won the Stanley Cup in 1925, in that when the Victoria Cougars, which had operated as the Aristocrats from 1918 to 1922 and as the Cougars from 1922 to 1926, disbanded in 1926, the owners of the newly formed Detroit club purchased the rights to many of the players of the Victoria club and retained the Cougar nickname. [45], The cougar has large paws and proportionally the largest hind legs in Felidae,[33] allowing for its great leaping and short-sprint ability. The fully mature mountain lion size can measure up to 8 feet long and weigh up to 150 pounds. Here in southern Utah, lions have been known to occupy home ranges as large as 513 square miles. Welcome to a new six-part series on my quest for a world record Mountain Lion. Variations in the color of the lion's coat have been listed as rust, apricot, lemon, smoke, and even black. There will be a dispute about this but I believe that I have a definitive record for the largest or heaviest (should be the same) mountain lion on record because it was certified by the U.S. [35] Its most important prey species are various deer species, particularly in North America; mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, and even bull moose are taken. Some instances of surplus killing have resulted in the deaths of 20 sheep in one attack. These large cats, as adults, can be 30 inches in height at the shoulder, and approximately 8 feet long from nose to tail. [17] [116], In the United States east of the Mississippi River, the only unequivocally known cougar population is the Florida panther. Lions can detect high frequency sounds that allow them to detect hidden prey. The tail of the Mountain Lion is about one-third the entire length of the body. The scat was tested positive as being from a mountain lion. Forensic analysis found specimens of the child's hair and clothing fibers in the animal's stomach. Claw incisions, which severed a jugular vein, indicated that the attacker was a felid; differential diagnosis ruled out other possible perpetrators. [33], Because males disperse farther than females and compete more directly for mates and territory, they are more likely to be involved in conflict. Height at shoulder: 25-30 in. In March 2011, Steve Ward, a DCR forester in the state of Massachusetts, photographed tracks in the Quabbin Reservoir. Scrape marks, urine, and feces are used to mark territory and attract mates. Many high schools also use the cougar as their sports team mascot. It was placed in the genus Puma by William Jardine in 1834. It contained Toxascaris leonina eggs. Until 2011, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) recognized both an Eastern cougar (claimed to be a subspecies by some, denied by others)[117][118] and the Florida panther, affording protection under the Endangered Species Act. Includes origins, behavior, habitats, photos, sounds, news and videos of cougars and their kittens #cougars ... 108 inches with a tail length of 21 – 36 inches, and height from 23 – 28 inches at the shoulder. [139] The nineteenth century naturalists Félix de Azara[140] and William Henry Hudson[141] thought that attacks on people, even children or sleeping adults, did not happen. However, in the winter, Mountain Lions will visually track deer by following their hoof-prints in the snow. Long, muscular hindlegs give pumas superb jumping ability: They've been documented making horizontal leaps of 14 meters (45 feet), and one cat was seen springing 3.6 meters (12 feet) into a tree while hoisting a deer carcass. [19][20], Following Linnaeus' first scientific description of the cougar, 32 cougar zoological specimens were described and proposed as subspecies until the late 1980s. Its wide distribution stems from its adaptability to virtually every habitat type; it lives in all forest types, as well as in lowland and mountainous deserts, as well as in open areas with little vegetation. Mountain Lions usually weigh between 75-175 pounds. Preliminary research in Yellowstone, for instance, has shown displacement of the cougar by wolves. We can significantly reduce the chance of a lion incident by becoming knowledgeable of lion habits and behavior. [29][30] Of this length, the tail typically accounts for 63 to 95 cm (25 to 37 in). Cougars, also known as mountain lions or pumas, have a tan or tawny coat, with white or cream-colored chin, undersides, and inside of legs. The same advice typically applies to bear encounters as well. [84] Although cougars can kill coyotes, the latter have been documented attempting to prey on cougar cubs. Mountain lions hadn't been seen in Missouri since 1927 — but in 1994, conclusive physical evidence proved they are reappearing in our state. ", 10.2981/0909-6396(2006)12[201:UOOEAF]2.0.CO;2, "Models of regional habitat quality and connectivity for pumas (, "The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment", 10.2193/0022-541X(2006)70[1:ITUOSI]2.0.CO;2, "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group", "Wild Cats. People are not always eager to help predator populations recover. [44] A leucistic individual was seen in Serra dos Órgãos National Park in Rio de Janeiro in 2013 when it was recorded by way of a camera trap, indicating that extremely rare, pure white individual cougars do exist in the species. It currently ranges across most western American states including occasional sightings from Alaska, the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and British Columbia, and the Canadian territory of Yukon. DNA analysis revealed that it was from a female genetically similar to South Dakota cougars. The largest Mountain Lion ever to be documented weighed 276 pounds, but a Lion of this size is extremely rare. Ranges of females may overlap slightly with each other. But before you plan a winter backpack trip in an attempt to see a Mountain Lion, keep in mind that backpacking in winter at Bryce poses far more dangerous risks than Mountain Lions. [85], Although it is less specialized than other big cats in predation of crocodilians, a case in Florida was documented in 2008 where a cougar hunted a sub-adult specimen of American alligator 2.69 meters long[86] (the largest registered crocodilian taken by a cougar), which suggests the ability of large cougars to prey on similar sized specimens of the remaining big crocodilian species with which they share habitat in different parts of the Americas (American crocodile, black caiman and Orinoco crocodile). Unlike surviving a bear attack, if you play dead with a Mountain Lion, you will be. [158], In North America, mythological descriptions of the cougar have appeared in the stories of the Hocąk language ("Ho-Chunk" or "Winnebago") of Wisconsin and Illinois[159] and the Cheyenne, amongst others. Its range spans from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes in South America, and is the most widespread of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere. [19] North American felids then invaded South America 2–4 Mya as part of the Great American Interchange, following formation of the Isthmus of Panama. “There she will live with other mountain lion cubs her age. The Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League use the name/image of the southeastern United States cougar subspecies, the Florida panther (the state animal), as its mascot. Fact #10: Uniquely Purrfect | Large males may weigh up to 113 kilograms (250 pounds) or more. Male and female mountain lions appear almost identical and getting a good look at a cat's rear end is often the only way to tell for sure the sex of the animal. Feline immunodeficiency virus, an endemic HIV-like virus in cats, is well-adapted to the cougar. In Oregon, a healthy population of 5,000 was reported in 2006, exceeding a target of 3,000. [104] Kitten survival rates are just over one per litter. [98], In Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, scat samples showed raccoons to make up 28% of the cougar's diet, harbor seals and blacktail deer 24% each, North American river otters 10%, California sea lion 7%, and American mink 4%; the remaining 3% were unidentified. [51] The only unequivocally known eastern population is the critically endangered Florida panther. mountain lions are tan to light cinnamon in color with a white underbelly and have black on the back of their ears and the tip of their tail. A current form in Brazil is suçuarana. Females typically weigh between 29 and 64 kg (64 and 141 lb), averaging 55 kg (121 lb). Experts say the best way to avoid a mountain lion attack is to make noise to scare the lion off and try to appear larger than you are. The Mountain Lion's coat hair length and colour is determined by its geographical location, short hair in the tropical regions and longer hair in the northern and southern parts of its range. Perhaps it is a good thing that Mountain Lions are exceedingly difficult to see. [97] A survey of North America research found 68% of prey items were ungulates, especially deer. The mountain lion’s scientific name is Puma concolor, which means “cat of one color.” Adult mountain lions are tan to light cinnamon in color with a white underbelly and have black on the back of their ears and the tip of their tail. [33] Females are sometimes reported as monogamous,[105] but this is uncertain and polygyny may be more common. In this area the coatí is the puma's chief prey. Exceptional … [33] Females are in estrus for about 8 days of a 23-day cycle; the gestation period is approximately 91 days. Mountain Lions are large, slender cats with strong muscular limbs. [95] Cougars also prey on bear cubs. This status continued until 1970 when the mountain lion was classified as a big game animal, and a … Though sizes vary greatly throughout the cat's geographic range, a typical adult male will weigh 110 to 180 pounds and the female 80 to 130 pounds. Juvenile males can be the same size as an adult female. [88], In the southern portion of its range, the cougar and jaguar share overlapping territory. In fact, they are the fourth-largest cat species in the world, behind tigers, lions, and jaguars. If you add back the intestines which at a guess would have weighed several pounds you could argue that this cat weighed in the region of 280 pounds. How Much Do Wild Mountain Lions Weigh? Current mountain lion ranges in the western portion of the U.S., meanwhile, stretch from Texas to the Canadian border, with the only confirmed population in the East found in Florida. 23K views. However, adult specimens of the reptiles are big enough to prey on cougars in return if they have the chance, which occurs only on rare occasions as the cougars tend to avoid bodies of water where crocodilians are present. "[110], Life expectancy in the wild is reported at eight to 13 years, and probably averages eight to 10; a female of at least 18 years was reported killed by hunters on Vancouver Island. The Inca city of Cusco is reported to have been designed in the shape of a cougar, and the animal also gave its name to both Inca regions and people. Phones are answered and messages returned as soon as possible as staffing allows. Cuguacu ara was then adopted by John Ray in 1693. As they grow, they begin to go out on forays with their mother, first visiting kill sites, and after six months beginning to hunt small prey on their own. Human activity has encouraged Mountain Lions to retreat to the rugged terrain that remains largely uninhabited by humans. Originally, Mountain Lions roamed throughout North and South America. … [82] One researcher in Oregon noted: "When there is a pack around, cougars are not comfortable around their kills or raising kittens [...] A lot of times a big cougar will kill a wolf, but the pack phenomenon changes the table. [3] In the 17th century, Georg Marcgrave named it cuguacu ara. Causes of death in the wild include disability and disease, competition with other cougars, starvation, accidents, and, where allowed, human hunting. [5][6][7], "Puma" is the common name used in Latin America and most parts of Europe. [33] Establishing wildlife corridors and protecting sufficient range areas are critical for the sustainability of cougar populations. Males may scrape together a small pile of leaves and grasses and then urinate on it as a way of marking territory. The cougar is an ambush predator that pursues a wide variety of prey. See more ideas about mountain lion, hunting dogs, coonhound. The Weight & Height of Lions Lion Average Weight. The scientific name for a mountain lion is Puma concolor. While generally loners, cougars will reciprocally share kills with one another and seem to organize themselves into small communities defined by the territories of dominant males. In professional hockey, the cougar was used by two mid-western teams and one northwestern team. Their bodies are mainly covered in tawny-beige fur, except for the whitish-gray belly and chest. [157] The sky and thunder god of the Inca, Viracocha, has been associated with the animal. In particular, the North American cougar is considered to have been mostly extirpated in eastern North America (the population referred to as the eastern cougar) in the beginning of the 20th century, except for the isolated Florida panther subpopulation. Determining the age can also be tricky, but a chart and photos provided by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife offer a helpful guide. The first confirmed sighting in a century was made on September 20, 2015, in Obion county in the north-western corner of West Tennessee. ), and the rifle is backed by a sub-MOA accuracy guarantee. [138], Pumas in the Southern cone of America – often called Argentine cougars by North Americans – are reputed to be extremely reluctant to attack man; in legend, they defended people against jaguars. All four confirmed cougar kills in Iowa since 2000 involved males. The coat is typically tawny like that of the lion, which is why it was initially called the "mountain lion",[33] but it otherwise ranges from silvery-grey or reddish with lighter patches on the underbody, including the jaws, chin, and throat. [105] Other research suggests a much smaller lower limit of 25 km2 (10 sq mi), but an even greater upper limit of 1300 km2 (500 sq mi) for males. It is an adaptable, generalist species, occurring in most American habitat types. 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