The story is told by one of its characters, using the first person. Arnold’s … These poems express vivid imagination as well as emotion and all flow fairly concisely. x��]Y�$�qF�fvwz;ӻ3;{���-�K�+���K�,����y��$[� ���?�`^&?fdVu���P�I2�8�8������Ӈ? To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Internal rhymes have words that rhyme within it. The subject matter or area of a literary work. A reference, explicit or implicit, to something in previous literature or history. Total Cards. A grand total of 235 terms that can be reviewed as flashcards, with an online test, or a matching … Broadly, any way of saying something other that the ordinary way; more narrowly (and for the purposes of this class) a way of saying one thing and meaning another. (2) The first eight lines of a sonnet, especially one structured in the manner of an Italian sonnet. Spell. The AP English Literature and Composition course focuses on reading, analyzing, and writing about imaginative literature (fiction, poetry, drama) from various periods. A sudden descent from the impressive or significant to the ludicrous or inconsequential, The concluding action of a classical tragedy containing the resolution of the plot, A humorous incident introduced into a serious literary work in order to relieve dramatic tension or heighten emotional impact, A situation in which a character must choose between two courses of action, both undesirable. H�j�������k���5��M�y1b���,�'��9�{d=�� vKX3�+���#�5��*Q�.��OQe쏲���VD������$�?EpP���\v��I(�� ,��SGpBZ��a�Ґ#T S`~"��23Gq��j)�&Ã�*U)�N����mO��o�t0rOi�jYD<2�-����KG�[�U�KoF����2Pj8�.3*�51B,����J�%�oKw��h,�`�q�Ֆ\��a�~��Vc������Ki]$}ꥃ$J\c�IR�-���vq��1���A��n��F���1��,a.�Z8�. The main idea, or message, of a literary work. Conflict may exist between the main character and some other person or persons; between the main character and some external force—physical nature, society, or "fate"; or between the main character and some destructive element in his or her own nature. is when the plot is presented in a non-causal order, with events presented in a random series jumping to and from the main plot with flashbacks or flashforwards; or in any other manner that is either not chronological or not cause and effect, for example, in medias res. … The repetition of an identical or similarly accented sound or sounds in a work. Subjects for ballads include killings, feuds, important historical events, and rebellion. They travel to other realms and times through the texts they read and get to understand about their own culture and others. These often come from an oral tradition of shared authorship or from a single, high-profile poet imitating the style. Gravity. ����&�s��>l[:.���=㪸��~���9� ��Oi��(GOI��)��s���V�@'v�:t��w}/�&4�_���V������{�r\��Wc�Ѹ�M����7Go����1t4[W����o���Mut���� m\�0��ˢ��_����N+�/`#m��"�D����9c�>���B��H��¯����lz�xl|6+��MŮ�,��vD�D�J)ײma��w�GvO��E�F�y6�M:�{��)G�{)���L�/ﴣ�Z5�=:�:�F���~dz|N��ӹ�dh/��'3���C��)�5"Xgi��I˝I��̧t�~�d�������.��d�W$ ���\l����D�dײg�G�:j!o��{֤bz�S�|�$z��it��������! Lyricists may find multiple ways to rhyme within a verse. All Vocabulary Terms. ���G�B��[:�y�Ba�>3��F� AP English Literature and Composition is an introductory college-level literary analysis course. The narrator is one of three types of characters in a given work, (1) participant (protagonist or participant in any action that may take place in the story), (2) observer (someone who is indirectly involved in the action of a story), or (3) non participant (one who is not at all involved in any action of the story). A character who is the same sort of person at the end of a story as at the beginning. The narrator is the direct window into a piece of work. A figure of speech in which human attributes are given to an animal, an object, or a concept, Any wavelike recurrence of motion or sound, Unmerited or contrived tender feeling; that quality in a story that elicits or seeks to elicit tears through an oversimplification or falsification of reality, A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike. Subject. Many ancient literary works are, in fact, myths as myths appear in every ancient culture of the planet. A group of lines whose metrical pattern (and usually its rhyme scheme as well) is repeated throughout a poem, The arrangement of words to form phrases, clauses and sentences; sentence construction. (2) A concise, clever, often paradoxical statement. �k66�2�6� ����I(D�fT�� ��4�20/B���(�r�#�@ That development of plot in a story that precedes and leads up to the climax, The turning point or high point of a plot, The falling action immediately follows the climax and shows the aftereffects of the events in the climax, (Also called the resolution) the conclusion of the story. Types include masculine and feminine, among others. An object, character, or event whose only reason for existing is to advance the story. The AP English Literature and Composition course is offered for high school students who wish to gain college credit by exam. ���K�[�È�^I�� a device often used in drama where by a character relates his or her thoughts and feelings to him/herself and to the audience without addressing any of the other characters. Unreliable narrators are usually first-person narrators. A rhyme in which the stress is on the penultimate (second from last) syllable of the words (picky, tricky), The basic unit used in the scansion or measurement of verse. AP® English Literature and Composition 2010 Free-Response Questions The College Board The College Board is a not-for-profit membership association whose mission is to connect students to … a poem recited to introduce a play, a literary tactic of diverting attention away from an item or person of significance, A subdivision of an act in a dramatic presentation in which the setting is fixed and the time continuous, That quality in a story that makes the reader eager to discover what happens next and how it will end, of Disbelief An unspoken agreement between writer and reader: "I agree to believe your make-believe if it entertains me. Course Description: AP English Literature is designed for the college ‐bound student w … A poem that tells a story. %PDF-1.4 Poetry written in free verse is arranged in lines, may be more or less rhythmical, but has no fixed metrical pattern or expectation, (Sometimes called slant rhyme, sprung, near rhyme, oblique rhyme, off rhyme or imperfect rhyme), is consonance on the final consonants of the words involved. The test is three hours long and consists of a multiple … It clearly lays out the course content and describes the exam and AP Program in general. The context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs, (literary) Something that means more than what it is; an object, person, situation, or action that in addition to its literal meaning. a narrator whose credibility has been seriously compromised. A meter in which a majority of the feet contain three syllables. Often breaks suspension of disbelief. With all of this AP Language and Composition vocabulary at your disposal, you'll be a top-notch rhetorical analyst in no time!Each entry has a definition and example or further explanation. In most cases, you need to score a 3 or higher). The AP English Literature and Composition Exam has consistent question types, weighting, and scoring guidelines every year, so you and your students know what to expect on exam day. A character (sense 1) whose character (sense 2) is complex and many sided. EDSITEment also offers a Literary Glossary of terms cross-referenced with EDSITEment lessons. Compare Theme. <> STUDY. The author tells the story, using the third person, but is limited to a complete knowledge of one character in the story and tells us only what that one character thinks, feels, sees, or hears. A type of literature defined as a song or poem, written in elegiac couplets, that expresses sorrow or lamentation, usually for one who has died. A struggle that takes place in a character's mind is called internal conflict. The repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words (for example, map-moon, kill-code, preach-approve), A metrical foot consisting of two unaccented syllables followed by one accented syllable (for example, understand), A meter in which a majority of the feet are anapests, (also known as imperfect rhyme, near rhyme, slant rhyme, or oblique rhyme) A term used for words in a rhyming pattern that have some kind of sound correspondence but are not perfect rimes (for example, arrayed-said). Myths are stories that are passed on from generation to generation and normally involve religion. A literary device in which an earlier event is inserted into a narrative. which the writer usually tries to … The writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject, the audience, or herself or himself; the emotional coloring, or emotional meaning, of a work. The comparison is made explicit by the use of some such word or phrase as like, as, than, similar to, resembles, or seems. A literary device in which a later event is inserted into a narrative. Oh no! These poems are generally short, averaging roughly twelve to thirty lines, and rarely go beyond sixty lines. AP English Language and Composition teaches you to deconstruct arguments and rhetorical strategies in mostly non-fiction works. A sonnet rhyming ababcdcdefefgg. A three-line stanza form borrowed from the Italian poets. (2) A literary composition in such form, A short, pithy saying that expresses a basic truth or practical precept, A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words, Bitter or cutting speech; speech intended by its speaker to give pain to the person addressed. A type of comedy whose main purpose is to expose and ridicule human folly, vanity, or hypocrisy, A type of comedy whose likable and sensible main characters are placed in difficulties from which they are, A type of comedy that relies on exaggeration, horseplay, and unrealistic or improbable situations to provoke laughter. A narrative poem can come in many forms and styles, both complex and simple, short or long, as long as it tells a story. A kind of literature that ridicules human folly or vice with the purpose of bringing about reform or of keeping others from falling into similar folly or vice. The angle of vision from which a story is told. A rule of conduct or maxim for living expressed or implied as the "point" of a literary work. This set of flashcards covers just about every AP English Literature vocabulary term. Not to be confused with theme. AP Literature and Composition Terms; Shared Flashcard Set. Conflicts are resolved, creating normality for the characters and a sense of catharsis for them and the reader. A figure of speech that consists of saying less than one means, or of saying what one means with less force than the occasion warrants. End rhymes have words that rhyme at the end of a verse-line. Narrative which presents the private thoughts of a character without commentary or interpretation by the author. A figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply, What a word suggests beyond its basic definition; a word's overtones of meaning, The basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word, The poetic representation of a painting or sculpture in words. The use of words that supposedly mimic their meaning in their sound (for example, boom, click, plop). Allegory: Extending a metaphor so that objects, persons, and actions in a text are equated with … The distinctive style or manner of expression of an author or a character in a book. AP Lit/Comp Lit Terms List 1 1. abstract – unable to be touched; not concrete 2. abstraction - a concept or value that can not be seen (love, honor, courage, death, etc.) Drama in which a noble protagonist — a person of unusual moral or intellectual stature or outstanding abilities — falls to ruin during a struggle caused by a tragic flaw (or hamartia) in his character or an error in his rulings or judgments. Write. A few examples of a narrative poem are epics, ballads, and metrical romances. (into the middle of things) is a Latin phrase denoting the literary and artistic narrative technique wherein the relation of a story begins either at the mid-point or at the conclusion, rather than at the beginning, establishing setting, character, and conflict via flashback and expository conversations. The ballad is traced back to the Middle Ages. It looks like your browser needs an update. A meter in which the majority of feet are trochees, A metrical foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by one unaccented syllable (for example, barter). ", A plot subordinate to the main plot of a literary work, An unexpected turn in the development of a plot, A type of drama, opposed to tragedy, having usually a happy ending, and emphasizing human limitation rather than human, Comedy that ridicules the manners (way of life, social customs, etc.) A short narrative making an edifying or cautionary point and often employing animal characters that act like human beings, A kind of fiction that pictures creatures or events beyond the boundaries of known reality, Literature that provides valid insights into the nature of human life or behavior. (1) Any of the persons involved in a story or play [sense 1] (2) The distinguishing moral qualities and personal traits of a character, The second most important character, after the protagonist, often a foil or eventual antagonist, A method of characterization in which the author, by exposition or analysis, tells us directly what a character is like, or has someone else in the story do so, A character (sense 1) who during the course of a story undergoes a permanent change in some aspect of character, A character (sense 1) whose character (sense 2) is summed up in one or two traits. In this class it is subsumed under the term Metonymy. Sitemap. Usually, the second and fourth lines rhyme (abcb), although ballad meter is often not followed strictly. A long poem in a lofty style about the exploits of heroic figures. Repetition … The main difference between the two courses is that AP Literature focuses mostly on analyzing literature and poetry, while AP Language has a much broader scope. Here are some expectations for the AP Literature … (Actually, if more than 25 percent of the feet in a poem are triple, its effect is more triple than duple, and it ought perhaps to be referred to as triple meter.) Details. (�"��]��Ґo�q����)O�9ssvN�h��v����a��h�9��{�a��~F���*���t�s�.x|���1Зe�$쓨��!��5���4o�7�֘2�K]��4��������1۰36ϒA>s��������C�BY{s�Ņ�#M� �$i0� High School AP English Literature and Composition Curriculum. A simple story illustrating a moral or religious lesson. AP Literature and Composition Terms. The repetition of the same initial consonants of words or of stressed syllables in any … a plot that follows a straight-moving, cause and effect, chronological order. Students cultivate their understanding of literature through reading and analyzing texts as they explore … occurring in casual or playful speech, usu. The rhyme scheme is: aba, bcb, cdc, ded, etc. Description. Big Idea Project. A kind of language esp. ��$�T.�3���\�=,�vh~0z�X�&�$�Ki0�$G�ytfOp�?O��� \��2��`NɃB��fs?5�� �J�N�{�K˕�x Anapestic and dactylic are both triple meters. (1) Conversation between characters in a drama or narrative. Arts 3 or AP English Language. Below is a multiple-choice quiz on literary terms found on the AP Literature and Composition … A short account of an interesting or humorous incident. �"D*�cc�a��e�m���9;�j�IO������:�Њ�?R?���?wĊ�.�4pT��E�Ȝng�hj�p�o���M�R�g� �G�ҡj�%? AP Glossary of Lit and Rhetorical Terms / 1 AP Language and Composition Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Devices _____ Active Voice - The subject of the sentence performs the action. Matthew Arnold: “Dover Beach” The Poem. ��#)��8y���΍� (?��X�*�Jě�x�i-��d��#� u#-l�ӻ������O��b��a�+�G��^@��e��9A7��l�W�I��Gq?��P��u�D���h�V�K�r���Q|��Y:�_� a character who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight various features of that other character's personality, throwing these characteristics into sharper focus. Legacy 2000. test. A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used in the service of truth Invective Denunciatory or abusive language. Learn. A man who is endowed with great courage and strength, celebrated for bold exploits, and favored by the gods, That method of characterization in which the author shows us a character in action, compelling us to infer what the character is like from what is said or done by the character, The main character of a novel, play, or film. A repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines, normally at some fixed position in a poem written in stanziac form. (1) A four-line stanza. ?5�R��Zpj_8a��Z%���#7�r1�W0�m�j�2�~��3`�s�/�#Y��]q��ߵ�Bc�41���e�f\|�y���fӎJ�U{j�VR�#�Rċg�� (:��~H�9O�^a��D��3`=�i�0�!�!I�*�޹��m� That condition of a successful literary work whereby all its elements work together for the achievement of its central purpose. Non-metrical language; the opposite of verse. An introduction or a preface, esp. stream alliteration (a-LIT-uh-RAY-shuhn): the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words (tongue twisters) allusion (a-LOO-zhuhn): a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature. The repetition at close intervals of the vowel sounds of accented syllables or important words (for example, hat-ran-amber, vein-made). Fable A short narrative making an edifying or cautionary … ALLEGORYstory or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities. AP English Literature and Composition Course and Exam Description This is the core document for the course. English III: 5th Hour Calendar Words to Know for the exam/ class. (also knows as sustained figure) A figure of speech (usually metaphor, simile, personification, or apostrophe) sustained or developed through a considerable number of lines or through a whole poem, Language employing figures of speech; language that cannot be taken literally or only literally, Broadly, any way of saying something other that the ordinary way; more narrowly (and for the purposes of this class) a way of saying one thing and meaning another, Positioning opposites next to each other to heighten the contrast, A figure of speech in which an implicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike, A figure of speech in which some significant aspect or detail of an experience is used to represent the whole experience. A flaw in the character of the protagonist of a tragedy that brings the protagonist to ruin or sorrow, A brief speech in which a character turns from the person being addressed to speak directly to the audience; a dramatic device for letting the audience know what a character is really thinking or feeling as opposed to what the character pretends to think or feel. Although it can be, the narrator is not usually the same person as the author. (1) A dramatic soliloquy. Character in a story or poem who opposes the main character (protagonist). "��[�� _C~,6c�g�d�84x�RCzg�4;�d�F�,�֎c����pRll��H����軋�v$E:6F��J��DeE�} �o���,�t��҉�\�q��y�T��ҕZ������K)҅���]�\N��f�ء�`��13�=�2؟NU�q���/�V~�z��1�{P����?�k�-�W�����Lh���G�"ƫ��7Y 1I� A metrical foot consisting of one unaccented syllable followed by one accented syllable (for example, rehearse), A meter in which the majority of feet are iambs, the most common English meter, A rhyme in which one or both of the rhyme-words occur within the line, A sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming abbaabba and of a sestet using any arrangement of two or three additional rhymes, such as cdcdcd or cdecde, (also known as single rhyme) A rhyme in which the stress is on the final syllable of the words (rhyme, sublime), Regularized rhythm; an arrangement of language in which the accents occur at apparently equal intervals in time, (1) An eight-line stanza. (2) A four-line division of a sonnet marked off by its rhyme scheme. Test. Ballads were usually created by common people and passed orally due to the illiteracy of the time. A metrical foot consisting of two syllables equally or almost equally accented (for example, true-blue). (also called a short novel), a written, fictional, prose narrative longer than a novelette but shorter than a novel. A fixed form of fourteen lines, normally iambic pentameter, with a rhyme scheme conforming to or approximating one of two main types—the Italian or the English. any story that attempts to explain how the world was created or why the world is the way that it is. Other class policies will be discussed on the first day of school. A clash of actions, desires, ideas, or goals in the plot of a story or drama. A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole. A narrative or description having a second or symbolic meaning beneath the surface one. There is the expectation that you will be taking the AP Literature Exam at the end of the year. (1) A short, witty poem expressing a single thought or observation. Its content or structure ideally parallels the rhyme scheme, falling into three coordinate quatrains and a concluding couplet; but it is often structured, like the Italian sonnet, into octave and sestet, the principal break in thought coming at the end of the eighth line. This AP English Literature and Composition class covers a review of characterization in prose works. They offer both the content and skills needed to support student success in AP English Literature and Composition. Title. AP Literature Terms. A situation, or a use of language, involving some kind of incongruity or discrepancy. A foot usually contains one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables, Non-metrical verse. 5 0 obj The part of a play (usually at the beginning) that provides the background information needed to understand the characters and the actions. This is a … (2) A literary work written in the form of a conversation. Sometimes the antagonist is an animal, an idea, or a thing. a narrative folk song. �a#f�]�zYFף �N :�L�c#c;���6��|��r � In May, students will take the AP English Literature and Composition Exam (required) in order to earn college credit (Requirements vary by college. Students engage in close reading and critical analysis of imaginative literature … AP Literature & Composition PowerPoints. ]x�nf���J�#������(�|�u�!��=޸m֩�~�m��f'��4�ΐ��6��Ȓ��]�X�d�P>lF x�Hа忌m��ʇ�7�f���>%�3�o�\�̈́���y�3Z�ҿ]�����+�2Llz��w3�֎3G2�%�p;�� �TW"B�崷��Y��yEƴ���$;���[�O�5������O�'FjG���pԒt����]�Ș�"��� �M��LO0r�'{�^���F�Z7 �qV���&OJ�*����L�B��d)�7)�Ɨ"ҏcD�, �(��nc�����tک��J{) �U]��]�N�b�������m�n��[�-}d6�� �I���m�U����r�NLvᬍ$^e��a��%V��SzZH&���Ȅ�xk�ne��"� of a certain segment of society. PDF; 3.87 MB; See Where AP … A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant. TPCASTT. There will … Flashcards. \&`�N-��:V�QJS�5����I���v���@3����5�1X)-y a book of long narrative in literary prose. Resources Docs. a novel written as a series of documents. A harsh, discordant, unpleasant-sounding choice and arrangement of sounds, A smooth, pleasant-sounding choice and arrangement of sounds, The representation through language of sensory experience. Three kinds of irony are distinguished in this class: An incongruity of discrepancy between what a character says or thinks and what the reader knows to be true (or between what a character perceives and what the author intends the reader to perceive). AP English Literature & Composition Master Vocabulary List Quizzes will be as follows: I will pronounce a word and you will spell it correctly, define it, and use it in a sentence with contextual clues that help … Alliteration. ͽ�������`���ݰ�M���TK���9�T���0M��~���b`92���l�cL$��"����n��Uo���o_��+�1�y��:}d6�eaE�ˇ��my�H1i瘵��YJ5mER�SN�_��[O�A�‘���S�I��B+?�G\O��R@;Q�|����Yp�����I��$a�ћ!�cl��fUܼnh>����֋�9'�%s[��ܚ $����� ��K�%F���N�5��i���|�q����u�����`��DN�� �Q�Gk0� bu�^0:-�3̑�C|ߙC ��dsL6 �m�� ��Q�.�O�9�{Oc؈F�NgS0��G=�ݦ�/� �E%h���H� ��2?���!`�RY"�|���dqr?a=�����Zs�W��:{� �9�%���]v]�l�� ����PAʊ�͕�J@��]��:6�i�*�e���v6�#z���,ſxTQ��.����v4�@fIH���Q��>���$$aWCx,�Q������?��$!�H�7Ȕ���M.|��Y�R�Q��4��]N�J:��|�c�̢f�K�D�[nn]� 5Aڕ,�l��'m|�z}K����!�;�L]C��L�-�,Ld���%����}otW�[c��'�r? Themes often explore timeless and universal ideas and may be implied rather than stated explicitly. Created by. The author tells the story, using the third person, knowing all and free to tell us anything, including what the characters are thinking or feeling and why they act as they do. AP Literature & Composition‎ > ‎ ... Poetry Terms HO Terms PPT. a song-like poem written mainly to express the feelings of emotions or thought from a particular person, thus separating it from narrative poems. made up of short-lived coinages and figures of speech deliberately used in place of standard terms. The AP® English Literature and Composition exam is designed to test your ability to think critically and analyze literary excerpts. Sometimes a hint as to the characters' future is given. When students study Literature, they learn to appreciate words and their power. About Your Pearson AP* Guide vii Preface viii Part I: Introduction to the AP Literature and Composition Examination 1 The Advanced Placement Program 3 Understanding the AP Literature and Composition Examination 6 Part II: A Review of Topics with Sample Questions 13 TOPIC 1 Literary Analysis—How to approach the AP … Usually a lyric poem of moderate length, with a serious subject, an elevated style, and an elaborate stanza pattern. Literature written purely for entertainment, with little or no attempt to provide insights into the true nature of human life or behavior. An ending in which the central problem or conflict is left unresolved, An emotion, desire, physiological need, or similar impulse that acts as an incitement to action, An unusual set of circumstances for which the reader craves an explanation; used to create suspense, A statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements, The sequence of incidents or events of which a story is composed, A situation in which an author gives the plot a twist or turn unjustified by preceding action or by the characters involved. %�쏢 Poetry with a meter, but not rhymed, usually in iambic pentameter, The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words (for example, book-plaque-thicker), Two successive lines, usually in the same meter, linked by rhyme, A metrical foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables (for example, merrily), A meter in which a majority of the feet are dactyls, A line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation — the opposite of enjambment, Or run-on line, a line which has no natural speech pause at its end, allowing the sense to flow uninterruptedly into the succeeding line — the opposite of an end-stopped line. Mr. Vogel's Homepage; About the Teacher; AP Literature and Composition Assignment Calendar; AP Literature Handouts/Worksheets; MLA Help; English III . A regional variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, Substituting a mild, indirect, or vague term for a harsh, blunt, or offensive one. AP Literature and Composition Poetry Terms. Match. It serves as a ready reference for students as they work through the lesson activities and prepare for the AP … Straight-Moving, cause and effect, chronological order or no attempt to provide into... Of characterization in prose works to another, ballads, and events for! English Literature and Composition Poetry Terms vision from which a story is told main idea, or event whose reason! Is the same person as the author from an oral tradition and then were down., witty poem expressing a single, high-profile poet imitating the style opposes the idea! Is the opposite of what is said is the way that it is subsumed under the Metonymy. Or events or for abstract ideas or qualities or two unaccented syllables, Non-metrical verse often paradoxical statement in. Found on the AP Literature and Composition teaches you to deconstruct arguments rhetorical! Having a second or symbolic meaning beneath the surface one single, high-profile poet imitating the style edsitement offers. To rhyme within a verse or implied as the `` voice '' of an Italian sonnet narrator is usually! A serious subject, an elevated style, and rarely go beyond sixty.. A concise, clever, often paradoxical statement Flashcard Set of a literary work follows a straight-moving, and. ( also called a short account of an Italian sonnet which is when the later of! Narrator is the same person as the author an Animal, an elevated,. Elements work together for the AP Literature and Composition Test 's mind called! Involving some kind of incongruity or discrepancy need to score a 3 or higher ) the world was or! Whose character ( protagonist ) AP English Literature and Composition Terms ; Shared Flashcard Set Terms HO Terms PPT previous! Or observation use of words that supposedly mimic their meaning in their sound ( for,! Generally short, witty poem expressing a single, high-profile poet imitating the style, you need to a. Scheme is: aba, bcb, cdc, ded, etc stanza form borrowed the! Metrical foot consisting of two lines of a literary work whereby all its elements work together the! Are stories that are passed on from generation to generation and normally religion... Work whereby all its elements work together for the whole ballads were usually created by common people passed... A situation, or a use of language, involving some kind of incongruity or discrepancy their... 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