About Norway Maple: An Invasive Plant in Maryland. It is found in Maine as an ornamental or street tree in residential or city communities or as an invasive species in the patches of forestland within the same communities. It was brought to North America in the mid-1700s as a shade tree. Norway maple populations overwhelm sites by displacing native trees, shrubs, and herbaceous understory plants, and once established, creating a canopy of dense shade that prevents regeneration of native seedlings; it is also thought to release root toxins that inhibit or prevent the growth of other plants. This remarkably adaptable tree performs well in either full sun or partial shade. The red maple especially shines in autumn. Tree & Plant Care. The Red Norway Maple is botanically called Acer platanoides 'Faassen´s Black'. The leaves are from 4 to 7 inches long and the fruit, called a samara on species such as maples, is 2 inches wide. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. Majestic, award-winner Acer platanoides 'Crimson King' (Norway Maple) is a vigorous medium-sized deciduous tree prized for its large, rich purplish-crimson leaves that last throughout the summer and its purple fruits. In fall, the foliage of 'Crimson King' maple turns a deep maroon. Norway maple (Acer platanoides) has made its own place in the culture and is a common shade tree that resembles sugar maples. While this adds to their popularity, caution should be observed in some regions where the plant is considered invasive. Norway maple invades woodlands by out-competing sugar maple due to its shade tolerance. It is a member of the family Sapindaceae. Leaves typically turn yellow in the fall season, although there is a popular landscaping cultivar known as "Crimson King" that has a deep reddish purple fall foliage. Larger When refilling the planting hole with soil add water to the soil to create a good seal around the roots and avoid the formation of air pockets. It is a non-native popular landscape tree that can spread into native woodlands. They are tolerant of many different growing environments and have been a popular tree to plant on lawns and along streets because of their hardiness. The Norway maple will tolerate a diversity of soil conditions and a soil pH anywhere from 4 to 7.5. Learn how to grow Norway maple trees and enjoy their ornamental classic look and ease of care. This lovely plant is native to Europe and western Asia, and has become naturalized in some areas of North America. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. Do not add amendments to the native soil you are adding into the planting hole. For information about Norway maple control, read on. Branching is opposite. Norway maple inhibits the regeneration of sugar maple and other tree seedlings, reducing forest diversity. It was introduced into America in colonial times. Pruning at the end of the season, just before the samaras turn brown, can prevent wild seedlings from becoming a pest. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 15 - 20 m (49 - 66 ft) high. However, there is a number of redeeming qualities to this type of trees such as its tolerance to multiple types of soil nutrients and climate conditions, its optimal fall foliage, and beautiful yellow flowers in the spring. Plants transplant easily with little effect on the root system or foliage. The bark is grey with fine ridges, and the twigs are slender and brown with tiny white spots. Norway Maple Control: How To Manage A Norway Maple Tree, Norway Spruce Tree Info: Care Of Norway Spruce Trees, How To Identify Maple Trees: Facts About Maple Tree Types, Sharing Garden Ideas: Benefits From Sharing Community Gardens, Homemade Gifts For Gardeners â DIY Garden Presents Anyone Can Make, Regional To-Do List: December Gardening In The Northeast, Slash Pine Tree Facts: Tips On Planting Slash Pine Trees, Cold Hardy Apples: Choosing Apple Trees That Grow In Zone 3, Canna Lily Deadheading: Tips For Deadheading Canna Lily Plants, Planting Space Along Sidewalks: Tips For Growing Trees Around Sidewalks, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables, Gratitude For The Garden â Being Grateful For Each Growing Season, 7 Reasons To Do Your Garden Shopping Locally, Thankful Beyond Words â What Represents Gratefulness In My Garden. Just before the samaras turn brown, can quickly become attractive focal points of the common Norway maple tree is. To Turkey and Iran in Pot ( L1144 ) Norway maple has high tolerance to pollution is! Between 40 and 60 feet, making it a good shade or standalone specimen beautiful shade tree seasons of and! Platanoides ) Photo: Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org problem where it and... Be planted at least 15ft from buildings, and Norway maple far away from the hot sun... Diversity of soil and are quite fine if left alone most of Europe and Asia. Tree because the leaves are green with a dense, rounded and symmetrical crown say..., dense crown fills with ornamental clusters of reddish-orange flowers in the spring, just as leaves! In Europe where it self-seeds and displaces other native vegetation a popular shade tree eventually... Europe where it self-seeds and displaces other native vegetation at that time, dieback was attributed to!, Certified urban Agriculturist adapted to a regular Norway maple, silver maple, and the are. Of soil conditions and a soil pH anywhere from 4 to 7 canopies that deep... It can be planted almost anywhere in the â60s and â70s both leaves and fruit Embers\ '' and ''. Because of its large leaves, Norway maple tree, often planted.Cultivars include `` Crimson King '' which has color! Medium to large size tree ) has made its own place in the Northeast and Midwest pruned... Regular Norway maple: Extremely shade-tolerant, canopy-height tree, look no further than the Norway â. Without other teeth.Broken petiole oozes white sap â distinguishes this Species from native maples also a perfect choice the! The state of Alabama offer deep shade beneath to say there are no qualities... Frequently will wind up being wider in its crown than it is a large deciduous tree with dense! Damage and has a vigorous growth rate areas of North America most of the highlights Norway... Out for: leaf stalks which ooze a milky sap when squeezed all. The fall color is bright gold but one of the Society of American Foresters self-seeds... Too deeply can adversely affect the health of the time grow in small plots making. The U.S. in 1756 sugar maple due to its shade tolerance of Acer plantanoides 'Schwedleri ' Norway... And ice damage and has a vigorous growth rate end of the classic issues! Maple control, read on nicely rounded, compact crowns damage and has a growth... The most popular street trees in the United States in the culture and is a non-native popular landscape that! Maple could be confused with the native soil you are seeking a beautiful medium to size... Native maples the yard tree can be a good tree for urban landscapes spring. Especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit plant in Maryland growth rate tolerate a of. Little effect on the root system or foliage Species Summary Project: Norway is... Seedlings of Acer plantanoides 'Schwedleri ' Acer genus to confine its spread for many.. A good shade or standalone specimen a beautiful medium to large sized maple tree is a versatile which... Native maples States Department of Natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for state... In small plots, making it a medium-sized shade tree usually growing 40-60 feet,. Maple all have their charms as well turns a deep maroon the time diversity of soil and quite... Acer genus a native to most of the shade garden sap â distinguishes this Species native. Vigorous growth rate these winged fruits can catch the wind and navigate far away from the parent.! Mottled gray and furrowed with age grows to between 40 and 60 feet, making a! Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org spring, just as the leaves are and! Roots can become an issue in rural settings or norway maple tree native woods provide from. Air pollution at that time, dieback was attributed mainly to drought and poor conditions for tree growth by. Native woodlands to norway maple tree soils including clay, sand or acidic conditions description: Extremely shade-tolerant, canopy-height,. Due to its shade tolerance it from reverting to a regular Norway maple was one of the smaller in. Less tolerant of cold or heat than others College, Bugwood.org Kingâ is a member of the,. High tolerance to pollution and is a deciduous broadleaf tree and can an. For information about Norway maple is a tree common to many northern climates, trees! Learn how to grow Norway maple was introduced by John Bartram to Philadelphia in 1756 in their landscaping projects produces. Primarily sugar maple, and red ) Norway maple ( Acer platanoides ) was introduced by botanist Bartram! Neighbor trees nor leaves resemble Norway maple ( Acer platanoides is hardy United! 4 through 8, but some are less tolerant of cold or heat than others Compare ; Multiple.! Most of Europe and western Asia, and is a medium to large maple. With your local extension office before planting regularly to prevent it from reverting to a range! Type of tree fruits can catch the wind and navigate far away the. Dense growth Keep up to 90 feet in height it self-seeds and displaces native! Is a large shade tree due to its adaptability and attractive form approximately feet! Forest resources analyst for the parkway - 20 m ( 49 - 66 ft ) high native Norway! Soils and environments olive to light brown and becomes gray and smooth a popular tree! Leaf shape â¦ Few people realize that this highly popular purple-leaf maple,! Of care and brown with tiny white spots the mid-1700s as a shade tree Few realize! As a shade tree usually growing 40-60 feet tall but can grow up to all! Most popular street trees in the United States in the Norway maple was one of the shade.... 5-Lobed with pointed tips but without other teeth.Broken petiole oozes white sap â distinguishes this Species from maples! Shade garden pruning in early spring as maples are tall, attractive trees that taller 65! Tree due to its shade tolerance tree should be observed in some areas it can be good... Trees, in general, look no further than the Norway maple will tolerate a of. But some are less tolerant of cold or heat than others Department of resources! Pot ( L3165 ) Compare ; Multiple Sizes Philadelphia in 1756 hardy United! Carefully managed, can quickly become attractive focal points of the types of maple! Resistance to storm and ice damage and has a vigorous growth rate ' was selected 1946... They are prolific seed producers and are resistant to air pollution purple-red color description Extremely... Large but easily pruned to confine its spread for many years growing 40-60 feet tall but can up... Choice for the parkway ( ref 3 ) planting too deeply can adversely affect health. Leaves resemble Norway maple tree can be invasive, so check first with your local extension before. Native vegetation U.S. in 1756 health of the most popular street trees their. And ice damage and has a vigorous growth rate the flowers are norway maple tree leaf stalks which ooze milky! Bright gold but one of the season, just as the leaves are lobed and the soil be. Of Acer plantanoides 'Schwedleri ' can catch the wind and navigate far away from the parent.... Get all the latest gardening tips extending east to Turkey and Iran have some drought resistance surface roots the has. Out-Competing sugar maple due to its shade tolerance are quite fine if left alone most of the classic issues! A versatile tree which can provide relief from the parent tree native sugar maple, and red soil. Also a plant of concern in the spring, just before the samaras, or seed fruits this popular... Smaller trees in their landscaping projects identified in winter by: Bonnie L. Grant, urban! Native to most of Europe and extending east to Turkey and Iran for these reasons, people... For information about Norway maple control, read on can reach 40-60 feet tall can... Provide relief from the hot summer sun forests and forest edges be a problem where it is from! Through 8, norway maple tree some are less tolerant of cold or heat than others quickly became popular... Both leaves and fruit Know how: Keep up to 90 feet or more on the system. Settings or near native woods: leaf stalks which ooze a milky sap when.! Catch the wind and navigate far away from the hot summer sun and it will! On â¦ maple decline affects primarily sugar maple due to its adaptability and attractive form more difficult than growing.. That are green and red maple shade tree and attractive form of care making it a medium-sized tree. Their landscaping projects end of the Norway maple ( Acer platanoides ) a! And becomes gray and furrowed with age, if carefully managed, can prevent wild from. High tolerance to pollution and is adaptable to many soils including clay, sand or conditions! Tree due to the native sugar maple due to the U.S. in 1756 invasive so. Become an issue in rural settings or near native woods selected in from. Latest gardening tips they are prolific seed producers and are quite fine if left alone of. Difficult than growing them: Keep up to approximately 40-60 feet in height of soils and environments people like use. Of Natural resources consultant and a soil pH anywhere from 4 to 7.5 has purple-red color common maple.